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dc.contributor.authorChiavacci, L. A.-
dc.contributor.authorSantilli, Celso Valentim-
dc.contributor.authorPulcinelli, Sandra Helena-
dc.contributor.authorCraievich, A. F.-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Applied Crystallography. Copenhagen: Munksgaard Int Publ Ltd, v. 30, n. 2, p. 750-754, 1997.-
dc.description.abstractThe sol-gel transition of an aqueous solution of zirconium oxychloride modified by sulfuric acid (Zr:S 3:1) has been studied by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) performed in situ during one cycle of heating and cooling between 298 and 358 K. The experimental SAXS curves exhibit three regions, at small, medium and high q values, characteristic of the Guinier, 'fractal' and Pored regimes, respectively. The value of 5.5 Angstrom for the radii of the primary particles, obtained from the cross over of the Pored and fractal regimes, is consistent with the size of the inner core of the polynuclear Zr18O4(OH)(38.8)(SO4)(12.6).33H(2)O molecule. These molecules aggregate as small clusters (31 Angstrom) of fractal structure, with a dimensionality D = 2.16 in the sol. The value of the fractal dimensionality, which is characteristic of ideal branched polymers, decreases during heating, attaining a value of 2.0, characteristic of swollen polymers. Above the critical temperature (329 K), the average size of aggregates increases abruptly to 200 Angstrom and the fractal dimensionality decreases to D = 1.75, this value being characteristic of a cluster-cluster aggregation process.en
dc.description.sponsorshipConselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)-
dc.publisherMunksgaard Int Publ Ltd-
dc.sourceWeb of Science-
dc.titleThermostimulated sol-gel transition in suspensions of sulfate zirconium oxychlorideen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)-
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade de São Paulo (USP)-
dc.description.affiliationUNESP, Inst Chem, Araraquara, SP, Brazil-
dc.description.affiliationCNPq, Natl Synchrotron Light Lab, Campinas, SP, Brazil-
dc.description.affiliationUSP, Inst Phys, BR-09500900 São Paulo, Brazil-
dc.description.affiliationUnespUNESP, Inst Chem, Araraquara, SP, Brazil-
dc.rights.accessRightsAcesso restrito-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Applied Crystallography-
Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

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