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Influence of exercise order on upper body maximum and submaximal strength gains in trained men
  • Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
  • Catholic University of Brasilia
  • Eastern Illinois University
  • 1475-0961
  • 1475-097X
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of exercise order on one-repetition maximum (1-RM) and ten-repetition maximum (10-RM) strength gains after 6 weeks of resistance training (RT) in trained men. Sixteen men were randomly assigned into two groups based on the order of exercises performed during training sessions: a group that performed large muscle group exercises first and progressed to small muscle group exercises (LG-SM); while a second group performed the opposite sequence and started with small muscle group exercises and progressed to large muscle group exercises (SM-LG). Four sessions of RT were conducted per week; all exercises were performed for three sets of 8-12 repetitions with 1-min rest intervals between sets. Maximal and submaximal strength were assessed at baseline and after 6 weeks of RT with 1-RM and 10-RM testing for the bench press (BP), lat pulldown (LPD), triceps pulley extension (TE) and biceps curl (BC), respectively. Two-way ANOVA for the 1-RM and 10-RM tests indicated a significant group x time interaction. The 1-RM values significantly increased for all exercises in both groups (P<0.05), but were not significantly different between groups. However, effect size (ES) data indicated that the LG-SM group exhibited a greater magnitude of gains (1-RM and 10-RM) for the BP and LPD exercises. Conversely, ES indicated that the SM-LG group exhibited a greater magnitude of gains (1-RM and 10-RM) for the TE and BC exercises. In conclusion, the results suggest that upper body movements should be prioritized and performed according to individual needs to maximize maximal and submaximal strength. © 2013 Scandinavian Society of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine.
Issue Date: 
Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, v. 33, n. 5, p. 359-363, 2013.
Time Duration: 
  • Exercise order
  • Muscle force
  • Repetitions maximum
  • Resistance training
  • Submaximal strength
  • adult
  • analysis of variance
  • biceps brachii muscle
  • body movement
  • body weight
  • controlled study
  • effect size
  • exercise
  • human
  • human experiment
  • male
  • muscle exercise
  • muscle strength
  • muscle training
  • normal human
  • priority journal
  • resistance training
  • rest
  • triceps brachii muscle
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Appears in Collections:Artigos, TCCs, Teses e Dissertações da Unesp

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